What is CIBIL?
TransUnion CIBIL Limited is India’s first Credit Information Company, also commonly referred as a Credit Bureau. We collect and maintain records of individuals’ and non-individuals’ (commercial entities) payments pertaining to loans and credit cards. These records are submitted to us by banks and other lenders on a monthly basis; using this information a Credit Information Report (CIR) and Credit Score is developed, enabling lenders to evaluate and approve loan applications. A Credit Bureau is licensed by the RBI and governed by the Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act of 2005.
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Why is my CIBIL Score important for getting my loan sanctioned?
The CIBIL Score plays a critical role in the loan application process. After an applicant fills out the application form and hands it over to the lender, the lender first checks the CIBIL Score and CIBIL Report of the applicant. If the CIBIL Score is low, the lender may not even consider the application further and reject it at that point. If the CIBIL Score is high, the lender will look into the application and consider other details to determine if the applicant is credit-worthy. CIBIL Score works as a first impression for the lender, the higher the score, the better are your chances of the loan being reviewed and approved. The decision to lend is solely dependent on the lender and CIBIL does not in any manner decide if the loan/credit card should be sanctioned or not.
How can I improve my Credit Score?
You can improve your Credit Score by maintaining a good credit history. This will be viewed favorably by lenders and it can be done with 6 simple rules :
What major factors affect my Credit Score?
There are 4 major factors that affect your score
Can CIBIL delete or change my records?
CIBIL cannot delete or change records reflecting on your CIR on its own; we simply collect records of individuals provided to us by our members (Banks and financial institutions). There are no ‘good’ and ‘bad’ credit or defaulters lists either.
What does it mean when my Score is "NA" or "NH"?
A Score of “NA” or “NH” is not a bad thing at all. These mean one of the below :
It is important to note that while these Scores are not viewed negatively by a lender, some lenders’ credit policy prevents them from providing loans to an applicant with Scores of “NA” or “NH” (applicants with no credit track record). Hence, you may have better chances of applying for a loan elsewhere.
What is the CIBIL Score 2.0?
The CIBIL Score 2.0 is a new, updated version of the Credit Score which has been designed keeping in mind the current trends and changes in the consumer profiles and credit data. Banks are gradually switching to the new version and you may find a difference in the new version when compared to the earlier version (i.e., the score 2.0 may be lower than the earlier version). Please note, the score currently available to you is the earlier version. However, the difference in the Credit Score does not impact the credit decisioning during the Loan Approval Process as both the versions of the score may have a different score eligibility cut off while processing the loan application.
For example, if your Bank earlier used to sanction loans/credit cards to individuals with a credit score of 800 and above it may now lower its score cut-off, if it has switched to the new version.
The CIBIL Score 2.0 also introduces a risk index score range for those individuals who have a credit history of less than 6 months. These individuals were categorized under the category of “No History- NH” in the earlier version. The score range is from 1-5, with 1 signifying “high risk” and 5 signifying “low risk”.
Score 2.0 summary and interpretation :
|Score & Index||Interpretation (i.e., for whom does this score reflect)|
|NA or NH||