FAQs - Cibil TransUnion Score

The CIBIL TransUnion Score is a 3 digit numeric summary of your credit history. The Score is derived by using the details found in the “Accounts” and “Enquiries” sections on your Credit Information Report (CIR) and ranges from 300 to 900 points. The closer your Score is to 900, the more favourably your loan application will be viewed by a lender. The Score plays a critical role in the loan approval process.

An individual’s Credit Score provides a lender with an indication of the ”probability of default” by the individual based on their credit history. What this means in simple English is that the Score tells a lender how likely you are, to pay back a loan (should the lender choose to sanction your loan) based on your past pattern of credit usage and loan repayment behaviour. The closer you are to 900, the more confidence the lender will have in your ability to repay the loan and hence, the better the chances of your application getting approved.

There are 4 major factors that affect your Score. These are described below:

1. Late payments or defaults in the recent past: Your payment history has a significant impact on your Score. Hence, if you have missed payments on any of your existing loans, over the last couple of years, your Score is likely to be negatively affected because it indicates that you are having trouble servicing your existing obligations.

2. High Utilization of Credit Limits: While the balances on your loans will only reduce over time as payments are made, you must be diligent about making timely payments on your credit cards. While increased spending on your credit cards may not necessarily negatively affect your Score, an increase in the current balance on the card over time is an indication of an increased repayment burden and may negatively impact your Score. It’s always prudent to not use too much credit.

3. Higher percentage of Credit Cards or Personal Loans (commonly known as Unsecured Loans) on your CIR: A higher concentration of home loans or auto loans (commonly known as Secured Loans) is likely to be more favourable for your Score than a large number of unsecured loans. Although unsecured loans offer easy access to finance, it’s also by far the most expensive forms of credit. More the number of unsecured loans with high utilization, larger are the payments resulting from its high rate of interest.

4. Behaving “Credit Hungry”: If you have made many applications for loans, or have recently been sanctioned new credit facilities, a lender is likely to view your application with caution. This ‘Credit Hungry’ behaviour indicates your debt burden is likely to, or has increased and you are less capable of honouring any additional debt and is likely to negatively impact your Score.

For information on how to improve your score please refer to the information provided pertaining to How to improve your credit history. Given that the score is derived from it, if you credit history improves, your score will increase.